One game of Bridge. Or the 13 cards held by any player.
Play a high card then a low card. This is a message to partner (hopefully
partner is awake and can read the message) that shows an even number in
the suit. If done on opening lead it is usually a doubleton.
The Declarer refuses to win the first (or second or third) trick of a suit
led by the defense. This is done in order to break the link between
the defenders‘ hands. Do not get the Hold Up and the Duck fowled
up: the Duck is to maintain communication between Dummy and Declarer’s
hand; while the Hold Up is to break communication between the defenders.
The royalty of Bridge: Ace, King, Queen, Jack and even the 10,
INTERNAL SEQUENCE: Any
sequence that has a card higher than the highest card of the sequence.
(And that highest card is not part of the sequence.)
1: A Q J 10 EXAMPLE
2: K 10 9 8
are Internal Sequences.
Usually lead the
top card of the Internal Sequence. In the Example 1 lead the Queen and
in the Example 2 lead the 10. see SEQUENCE.
A bid that invites partner to bid game (or Slam) with maximum values and
to pass with minimum values.
A bidding convention. After an intervening take out double a bid
of 2 No Trump shows 10 + points and a fit in partners suit. A redouble
show 10+ points and no fit. This convention is easy to remember and
should fit into your bidding repertoire.
An overcall that is preemptive in nature (a long suit with two honors and
less that 10 points). The salient characteristic of the Jump Overcall
is that it skips (or jumps over) a level of bidding.
Left Hand Opponent. The player on your left who will bid and play
The Majors are the two top suits on the bidding ladder: Spades and Hearts.
The Minors are the two bottom suits on the bidding ladder: Clubs and Diamonds.
As in baseball most bridge players prefer to be in the Majors. The
salary is considerably higher.
Not something women buy at the drug store. A Maxi Pass is the maximum
number of points you could have and not be able to open the bidding.
You have just under 13 points: 10, 11 or 12. To show a Maxi
Pass make a forcing bid, jump or smile.
Everybody makes mistakes: your partner, the opponents, friends, relatives,
even the President. The important thing is to own the mistake: I did it,
me, nobody else, it was my error. Then it is possible to learn from the
mistake and avoid repeating it. And the more you play bridge the more advanced
the mistakes become. It is impossible, even for experts, to eliminate them
OFF THE TOP:
A trick or tricks that can be taken without giving up the lead to the opponents.
The first player to bid a suit or no trump. If there is more than
one Opening Bidder per game please consult your local Bridge doctor.
A card put face up on the table by the player to the left of the Declarer.
Note the difference between this and an Opening Bid: mechanical vs. oral.
The first person to put a card face up on the table and start the play
OPENER’S REBID: The
second bid by the Opener. This of course assumes that someone else
has bid preferably Opener’s partner. The Rebid gives the Opener a chance
to further define his hand.
bid made over the opening bidder. This bid can be made from
your seat with 10+ points. The suit bid should have five or more
cards headed by two honors.
Playing a higher trump than one played by the opponent. Can you Overruff
an Overruff? Yes, but try not to smile if you over ruff the overruffer.
Playing a card higher than the one played by your side. Hopefully for the
purpose of creating an Entry. If that is not the reason you will soon know
because your partner will start to squirm, sneer, show displeasure
and perhaps even leave the room.
A song written by George M. Cohan around the time of World War I.
A trick won by Declarer in excess of the contract. Important factor in
Not extracting all of the trumps from the opponents, but leaving
some outstanding. (Usually only one.) You can pull all of the
trump some of the time, but not some of the trump all of the time.
Bridge is a partnership game. The player sitting opposite you is your Partner.
Winning Bridge players treat their Partners with respect and courtesy at
all times. (Even married couples.) They do not criticize; they do not teach.
Just in case, do not have any weapons (or heavy objects) with you at the
Sometimes called a Partial. A contract that is below the level of Game.
It could also be the score of that contract.
The most common Call in Bridge. Sometimes found around the house and often
misused and abused.
A deal where none of the four players bid. No need to panic. Life
- and Bridge - will go on. Just deal again.
Bonus awarded to the Defenders for defeating a contract.
A Double with the intention of increasing the penalty bonus for defeating
the contract. Can be huge. Sometimes even more than the Declarer’s
A sacrifice over an opponent's game or slam that they cannot make.
Unfortunately this is found out after the bidding is over and the hand
is played. If the opponents are of a decent sort they will refrain from
gloating. Gloating is in bad form at the Bridge table and should be discouraged.
A large heavy object will sometimes do the trick
PLAY FOR THE DROP:
You can facilitate your opponents dropping by adding something to their
drink. To get the Queen to drop however, you have to play the Ace
then the King.
If the Queen was
originally sitting as a doubleton, Q x, then it would Drop (or fall) under
PRE-EMPTIVE OPENING BID:
A bid in a suit of 2
or higher with a hand containing a long suit and limited high card strength.
The purpose of the bid is to interfere with the opponents’ auction.
Increasing the trick-taking potential of cards as higher ranking cards
of the suit are played. If a hand has Q J 10, then any card can become
a winner if the Ace and King are played. Note that promotion always
involves losing tricks and giving up the lead. So be daring; Promote.
PULL THE DOUBLE:
Negating your partners Penalty Double by making a bid. If your partner
wants to insure that you do not pull his Penalty Double, he should stand
on the chair and yell DOUBLE! There are opponents who might object
to this; and some opponents might even quit the game.
PULL TRUMP: Draw
trump. Play trump until the opponents have none left. To pull or not to
pull; that is the question that declarer asks. Whether 'tis nobler to keep
trump out in a sea of trouble or to take arms and extract them. Aye, there's
the rub. Who said Shakespeare didn’t play Bridge?
A loser that will be lost as soon as Declarer gives up the lead.
A Super Quick Loser (SQL) will be given up even sooner. see SLOW
A call that can only be made after an opponent doubles. If the contract
is played Redoubled, then the trick score; and the over and under tricks
are greater. You can be Redoubled into game. One Spade Doubled/Redoubled
is game. Modern bidding methods have extended the use of Redoubles.
They appear in third world countries, mostly the Pacific rim nations.
The first Bid made by the Partner of the Opening Bidder. The player who
makes a Response is the Responder. Makes sense. There is no Respondees
Reversing the natural order of things by bidding the lower ranking suit
first and then the higher ranking one. For a Reverse to be a Reverse
the second bid must be at the two level. (Or else it is just a Verse.)
Thus if you open
1 and partner responds
1 and you rebid 1
that is not a Reverse. But if you open 1
and partner responds 1
and you rebid 2
then you reversed the order by bidding Diamonds before Hearts and this
is a Reverse.
To make a Reverse
you need 16+ points. Why? Because you are asking partner to
chose one of your two suits. If partner chooses your lower ranking suit
then it has to be bid at the three level.
RUBBER BRIDGE: Bridge
played by only four people with a specific method of scoring. To
"win the rubber" (not to be confused with being awarded a birth control
device) is to win two out of three games. see VULNERABLILITY.
RULE OF ELEVEN:
There are lots of rules in Bridge and lots of exceptions to the rules.
Maybe more exceptions than rules. Of course if that were really the
case the exception would become the rule and the rule become the exception.
But for the Rule of Eleven - unless there is an error by your partner -
there is no exception. The Rule of Eleven is used after your partner
makes the opening lead of the Fourth Best.
partners spot from eleven. This number is the number of cards higher
than the card played by your partner. Where are these high cards?
They are either in the Dummy, in Declarer’s hand or in your hand.
You should be able to make good use of this information. If not give
it to someone who can.