MORE BASICS

 
  BIDDING
w  The Dealer is the first one to bid. The next player to bid is to the left of the Dealer. The Bidding then continues in a clockwise direction.

w  Like any other auction each bid has to be higher than the last bid.

w  And like a regular auction each player does not have to bid: just say Pass. (You can Pass and bid again)

w  An auction ends with Going, Going, Gone; a Whist auction ends with Pass, Pass, Pass. Three Passes in row and it is over.

w  Play Whist! Shuffle; Cut; Deal; Bid; Play. For now bid your longest suit. To bid a suit you should have a hand with some Aces and picture cards. Your Partner, with four cards in the suit that you bid, can show support by bidding your suit at the 2 level. Example: 1H ===> 2 H
 

There are 35 possible bids.  Five bids 
(4 suits plus No Trump) in each of the seven levels. 5 x 7 = 35. See the Bidding Ladder on the right.

 

Bad manners at the Bridge table are often reflected at the dining room table. Slurp!

BIDDING LADDER
 7 NO TRUMP
 7 SPADES
 7 HEARTS
 7 DIAMONDS
 7 CLUBS
 LEVEL 
 SEVEN
 6 NO TRUMP
 6 SPADES
 6 HEARTS
 6 DIAMONDS
 6 CLUBS
 LEVEL 
 SIX
 5 NO TRUMP
 5 SPADES
 5 HEARTS
 5 DIAMONDS
 5 CLUBS
 LEVEL 
 FIVE
 4 NO TRUMP
 4 SPADES
 4 HEARTS
 4 DIAMONDS
 4 CLUBS
 LEVEL 
 FOUR
 3 NO TRUMP
 3 SPADES
 3 HEARTS
 3 DIAMONDS
 3 CLUBS
 LEVEL 
 THREE
 2 NO TRUMP
 2 SPADES
 2 HEARTS
 2 DIAMONDS
 2 CLUBS
 LEVEL 
 TWO
 1 NO TRUMP
 1 SPADE
 1 HEART
 1 DIAMOND
 1 CLUB
 LEVEL 
 ONE
BOOK
(6 tricks)


 
 MORE DEFINITIONS
  THE CONTRACT
The final bid is known as the Contract. The team that has the Contract must play in that suit (or No Trump) and win 6 tricks plus the level of the final bid. If for example the Contract is 3 H, then Hearts are trump and the team has to make 6 + 3 or 9 tricks.

THE OPENING LEAD(ER)
The Opening Leader is the person who makes the Opening Lead by putting a card face up on the table. This person sits at the left of the person who bid the suit or No Trump first. This  starts the play of the hand. The Opening Lead is the first card played and is made by the Opening Leader. Who else should do it? 

PLAYING AUCTION WHIST
Playing Whist with bidding (Auction Whist) is the same as playing Whist without bidding. The play proceeds in an orderly clockwise direction. Trump and high cards win tricks. Good luck.

THE 3 D's DEFENSE DECLARER DUMMY

 


The Bridge riot of 1922
DEFENSE
The team that tries to prevent the Contract from being made (or to Set the Contract) are the Defenders. 
EXAMPLE: the Contract is 3 S. The Defenders need 5 tricks to Set the Contract. Why? 9 tricks are needed to make a Contract at the 3 level: 6 + 3. If the Defenders win 5 tricks, then only 8 tricks will be made: 13 - 5 = 8. Another way to figure this is to subtract the number of tricks needed to make the contract (9), from 13 then add 1. In this case 13 - 9 + 1 = 5. Five tricks are needed to set the Contract of 3 S.
Do Test 1, part C

 
the 3 D's
 Declarer
 Dummy
 Defense
THE DECLARER
If a team gets the Contract, then the player who first  bid the suit (or No Trump) is called  the Declarer. That person declared the suit (or No Trump) first. It does not matter who bid the suit (or No Trump) last. The declarer is the Declarer.

THE DUMMY
To play Whist well is extremely difficult; lots of counting and signaling. This discouraged many people from playing. To make Whist available to more people, some players thought of changing its basic structure. They wanted to make the game easier; so easy that even a dummy can play. Why not a have a dummy in the game all the time? Good idea. But where?

w  The player opposite the Declarer is the Dummy. The Dummy is Declarer’s partner.

w  The player to the left of the Declarer is the Opening Leader. That player makes the Opening Lead. 

w  After the Opening Leader makes the Opening Lead the Dummy becomes exposed; not by getting undressed, but by putting all his cards on the table face up.

w  The cards are arranged in four rows. Each row consists of one suit, alternating red/black/ red/black. The high cards in each suit are closest to the Dummy's edge of the table. If there is a trump suit, then that suit is on Dummy’s right.


 


DUMMY


 
OPENING 
LEADER 
D
E
F
E
N
D
E
R
  T
  R   S
  U   U
  M   I
  P   T
D
E
F
E
N
D
E
R


DECLARER


 
  PLAY OF THE HAND
Are you ready? You are the Declarer; the Opening Lead is on the table at your left, and now the Dummy puts her cards on the table; trump suit, if any, is on Dummy's right, your left. 

w  The Declarer now plays a card from Dummy. The person who is Dummy does not help the Declarer in the play. The Declarer sees and plays the 26 cards. There is a bridge between Declarer and Dummy.

w  Consider all 26 cards. The trick can be won by Dummy or in Declarer's hand.

w  If the trick is won in the Dummy, then the next card led will come from Dummy. 

w  If the trick is won in Declarer’s hand, then the next card led will come from that hand. 

w  If a Defender wins the trick, then that Defender will play the next card. And so on. 

w  Welcome to the world of Bridge. When this hand is over. . .
. . . SHUFFLE / CUT / DEAL &

PLAY BRIDGE
                                    Do Test 1, part D
 
 

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