PRE-EMTIVE BIDS
Caveat Emptor  means “buyer beware”.  Emptor means “buyer”. If the prefix pre is put before emptor then pre-emptor  means to ""buy before". During auctions or sales to buy before anyone else was very advantageous. It was a win over the other buyers. So the word pre-empt  has come to mean to win by striking first. (During a war, a news broadcast might have reported: “Pre-emptive raids destroyed the enemy air force on the ground.”)

Back to Bridge
So far the opening bids have been on the one level. But it is possible to open the bidding in a suit at higher levels. These are called Pre-emptive Bids. They are made with a weak hand and a long suit. 10 points max. 
      The purpose of the Pre-emptive Bid? To use up bidding room which prevents the opponents from coming into the auction. If you open the bidding 3 S the opponents have to come in with a suit at the 4 level. Not so easy. 
      Pre-emptive bids are defensive bids; that is, bids made to prevent the opponens from bidding easily. 
 

Pre-emptive bids are made with weak hands and long suits at high levels.

Here is what is needed for a  Pre-empt:

w  3, 4 OR 5 LEVEL BIDS
XXX1.  Plan to go down two (or three) tricks
XXX2.  10 points maximum
XXX3.  The long suit should be headed by
XXXXXXtwo honors
XXX4.  Open the bidding in the long suit
XXXX     7 card suit -- open at the 3 level
XXXXXXX8 card suit -- open at the 4 level
XXXXXXX9 card suit -- open at the 5 level

w  WEAK TWO BIDS
XXXX1.  A six card Diamond, Heart or Spade suit with two honors
XXXX2.  6 - 10 High Card Points (HCP)
XXXX3.  No four card Major
XXXX4.  Open the bidding with the six card 
XXXXXXsuit (not Clubs) at the two level

w  Do not pre-empt with 13+ points. Open the biding at the one level. Even with a very long suit.

w  Sometimes you can get a better score by not making the hand, playing in your suit, then by letting the opponents make the hand in their suit.

 QUIZ 4 OPENING BIDS 

WHAT IS YOUR OPENING BID WITH THE FOLLOWING HANDS?

  1. S  A J 10 9 7 4
H  A 4
D  9 8 
C  A 8 7
6.  S  Q J 9 8 6 4 3
H  9
D  A J 8 
C  5 2
 
2.

S  Q 8 3
H  Q J 8 6 4 3 
D  9 4 
C  J 9 2

7. 

S  Q 2
H  Q J 9 8 7 3 
D  Q 7 6
C  4 3
 
3.

S  9 
H  Q 4 
D  K J 10 8 7 6 2 
C  J 9 2

8. 

S  K J 2
H  8 7 
D  J 8 7 6 5 4 
C  Q J
 
4.

S  9 8 7 4 3 2
H  A K Q
D  Q J 9 
C  5 4

9. 

S  K Q 9 8 6 4 3 2
H  9 
D  A J 8 
C  5
 
5.

S  Q 8 7 5
H  8 6 
D  K Q 8 7 6 3 
C  6

10. 

S  8 3
H  Q 8 7 
D  K 8 
C  Q J 9 8 7 2

ANSWERS to Quiz 4

 

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